Around The World

Iceland

Settled hundreds of years ago by Viking explorers, Iceland is often called the land of fire and ice. Scenery in this small island country features glaciers, volcanoes, and shooting geysers. Come explore this stunning land of extremes.

What do you know about Iceland? Learn all about its land, products and cultures.

 

Official name: Republic of Iceland

 

Size: 39,768 square miles (103,000 square kilometers); slightly smaller than Kentucky

 

Population: 311,058 as of July 2011

 

Population Under Age 14: 20.2%

 

Capital: Reykjavik (ray-kyuh-vik)

 

Language: Icelandic. Other Nordic languages as well as English and German are also spoken.

 

Currency: Icelandic krona

 

Religion: Lutheran Church of Iceland 80.7%, Roman Catholic Church 2.5%, other 16.8%

 

Literacy: 99%

 

Climate: Temperate; windy and mild winters and cool, moist summers

 

Agriculture : potatoes, green vegetables; mutton, chicken, pork, beef, dairy products; fish

 

Industries: Fishing and fish products, aluminum mining, tourism, geothermal power, hydropower

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