Around The World


Welcome to Antarctica, the coldest, windiest, and emptiest place on Earth. There are no countries in Antarctica and the continent has no permanent residents. However, thousands of tourists in cruise ships visit each year to see penguins, seals, whales, and icy landscapes. Join TIME For Kids to explore the bottom of the Earth.

What do you know about Antarctica? Get the facts.


Official name: Antarctica


Location: Mostly within the Antarctic circle, at the bottom of Earth


Size: 5.4 million square miles (14 million square kilometers); nearly one and a half times the size of the United States


Population: No permanent residents; temporary population ranges from 1,100 in winter to 4,400 in summer (July 2014 estimate)


Climate: Severe low temperatures; the coldest, highest, and driest of all seven continents


Government: The Antarctic Treaty, signed in 1959, sets out the rules for the continent.

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