Travel through our timeline to learn about Finland's rich history.
About 5,000 B.C.
Seal-hunting is a main source of livelihood for Finnish settlers.
What will later become Finland is part of Sweden. Sweden’s King Erik introduces Christianity to the Finns.
Under Czar Alexander I, Russia conquers Finland. The country becomes a self-governing part of the Russian Empire. Finland is allowed to keep its legal and religious traditions from the era of Swedish rule.
Helsinki becomes capital of Finland.
Finland’s national epic, the Kalevala, is published, stirring Finnish national pride. Compiled by folklorist Elias Lonnrot, it is a collection of ancient sung poetry.
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Finland declares independence from Russia on December 6.
Kaarlo Stahlberg becomes the first President of the Republic of Finland.
During World War II, the Soviet Union invades Finland, igniting two wars: the Winter War of 1939–1940 and the Continuation War of 1941–1944. Finland cedes land to the Soviet Union.
Finland signs a peace treaty with the Soviet Union.
Finland joins the United Nations and Nordic Council.
Finland becomes a full member of the European Union.
Tarja Halonen is elected Finland’s first female President.
Finland adopts the euro, replacing its former currency, the Finnish mark.
Former Finnish President Martti Ahtisaari receives the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to resolve international conflicts.
Finland is the first country in the world to make fast Internet access a legal right for its citizens.