Travel through our timeline of major events in Jordan’s History
Several kingdoms control the area. Later, the Arabic-speaking Nabataeans create a kingdom in the southeast.
Rome, led by Pompey, conquers the region. In 106 A.D., it becomes part of the Roman province of Arabia.
Khalid ibnal-Walid brings the region under Muslim rule.
The region comes under Ottoman Turkish rule.
After World War I, Brittain gains control of the territory that becomes known as Transjordan. In 1923, Britain recognizes Transjordan’s independence, but retains a hold on military, financial and foreign affairs.
Transjordan is granted full independence from Britain. Abdullah I is named King.
The country’s name is changed to Jordan. After the state of Israel is created, Jordan joins its Arab neighbors to fight the new country. Jordan takes over the West Bank and East Jerusalem.
King Abdullah is assassinated. Later, Hussein is named king. He rules until 1999.
After Israel wins the Six Day Arab-Israeli War, it regains control of Jerusalem and the West Bank. Palestinian refugees flood into Jordan.
Thousands are injured as government forces battle Palestinian fighters.
SVEN NACKSTRAND—AFP/GETTY IMAGES
Jordan and Israel sign a peace treaty.
JAMAL NASRALLAH—AFP/GETTY IMAGES
Crown prince Abdullah bin al-Hussein is sworn in as king.
King Abdullah and the Presidents of Syria and Egypt work together on a $300 million electricity-line project that links the three countries.
King Abdullah dissolves parliament.
With a civil war raging in Syria, hundreds of thousands of refugees pour into Jordan.