Travel through our timeline of major events in Morocco's history.
Arabs invade North Africa. They bring Islam.
Jews and Muslims expelled from Spain settle in Morocco.
The Alawite dynasty takes over. The family still rules Morocco today.
Spain occupies northern Morocco.
Under the Treaty of Fez, France becomes a protector of Morocco.
Morocco gains independence from France and Spain. But Spain retains control of some territories.
LOOMIS DEAN—TIME & LIFE PICTURES/GETTY IMAGES
Hassan II becomes king. He rules until his death in 1999.
GEORGES BENDRIHEM—AFP/GETTY IMAGES
King Hassan sends 350,000 Moroccans into neighboring Spanish Sahara. The display of Moroccan power is known as the Green March. Spain eventually leaves the region. Morocco claims the area and renames it Western Sahara.
Moroccan and Algerian troops battle in Western Sahara.
The United Nations monitors a cease-fire in Western Sahara. But clashes continue with rebels who want an independent Western Sahara.
King Hassan dies, and his son, Mohammed VI, comes to power. He promises to work on human-rights reforms.
ABDELHAK SENNA—AFP/GETTY IMAGES
A powerful earthquake rocks Morocco.
Protests occur in major cities, calling for a new constitution and limitations on the King’s power.