Food for All

This chef has found a sustainable way to combat food waste.
By Aryn Baker, adapted by TIME for Kids editors
As seen on
Massimo Bottura holding a basket of fresh vegetables

Massimo Bottura is a widely celebrated chef. A restaurant he opened 27 years ago in Italy has twice been named the best in the world. Today, Bottura’s culinary empire extends from Dubai, in the Middle East, to Beverly Hills, California. He’s the author of several books and one of the stars of a popular Netflix series.

At Refettorio Ambrosiano, the menu changes daily, depending on what comes with the morning’s delivery. One day, the delivery contains chicken close to its sell-by date and oranges too ugly for the grocery store.

This dessert is made with cream that might otherwise have gone to waste.

By dinner, these supermarket castoffs have been transformed. The 100 or so diners—refugees, the homeless, and the unemployed—enjoy the meal with obvious pleasure. For an hour, they can forget about life’s challenges.

The dining room at Refettorio Ambrosiano will soon be filled. Meals are free of charge for people in need.

Bottura’s Refettorios are not restaurants; they’re soup kitchens. Not that Bottura would call them that. He thinks of them as places that shine a light on the dignity of their guests while focusing attention on the food-waste problem.

Creating a Movement

Massimo Bottura is dedicated to fighting food waste. His motto is “No more excuses.”

Bottura came up with the idea of Refettorio Ambrosiano in 2015. Organizers of the World Expo, in Milan, Italy, had invited him to cook for its grand opening. Bottura proposed something different. He wanted to invite the world’s best chefs to cook with him for the city’s homeless, using surplus food. Pope Francis heard about this. He helped arrange the use of a theater in one of the city’s most run-down neighborhoods. Bottura turned it into a dining room for people in need.

Today, the Refettorio is “a movement,” Bottura says. “It is a model for fighting food waste and isolation on the front lines. . . . We treat our guests like we do at our restaurants. That’s the warm hug we are giving. We are saying, ‘Welcome, this is a beautiful place, and it’s your place. This is the food that we cook for you. We are here for you.’”

Making a Difference

At a refettorio, a chef must make whole meals out of surplus. And at Bottura’s restaurants, the cooks are challenged to squeeze maximum use out of every ingredient, from meat and fish trimmings to vegetable peelings and stale bread.

Bottura encourages chefs to get maximum use out of every ingredient.

Turning basic ingredients into gastronomic gold is Bottura’s magic. He credits his grandmother with teaching him how. Hers was “the original no-waste kitchen,” he says. “What you think is food waste is just an opportunity to create something amazing.”

Chefs at Bottura’s restaurants learn his approach to cooking. But they also learn about his commitment to making a difference in people’s lives. “Everybody has the ability to contribute to positive change. It starts with all of us, in our own kitchens,” Bottura says. It starts by looking at an old carrot or a stale crust of bread and catching a glimpse of gold.

The Food-Waste Problem


“We are 8 billion people on Earth. We produce enough food for 12 billion people,” Bottura says. “Yet 820 million people don’t have enough to eat.”

Every year, more than a billion tons of food ends up wasted. And food waste is responsible for 10% of global greenhouse emissions.

Project Drawdown is a nonprofit group focused on climate change. It says reducing food waste could have a greater impact than switching to electric cars.

Food for Thought: If you were to pursue a career fighting food waste, what kind of job would you choose and why? What first steps toward that job would you take?

This story was originally published in TIME on January 7, 2022.