Joan Strassmann can rattle off trivia about birds as fast as a peregrine falcon can shoot through the sky. Did you know that northern flickers get their young to leave the nest by continuously shrieking? Or that American coots sometimes sneak eggs into other nests?
Here’s another fun feathered fact: Birdwatching—or simply listening—can have mental health benefits for people, including long-lasting stress relief.
Strassmann, who recently wrote a book about birdwatching, says these benefits are significant. “Sitting outside and listening to the birds, and getting to know their songs, is really calming,” she says. And birders of any skill level can tap into the mental health benefits linked to the hobby.
Birds and the Brain
Researchers have long tried to understand the perks of observing birds. A study published last October in Scientific Reports found that seeing or hearing these creatures improved people’s mental well-being for up to eight hours.
Other research supports the idea that birds are good for the brain. A study published in 2020 showed a link between happiness and the number of bird species around people’s homes and towns.
What’s so soothing about birds? Andrea Mechelli thinks there are several factors at play. He’s a mental health researcher at King’s College London, in the United Kingdom. He says one reason could be that spending time in nature improves concentration by decreasing mental fatigue, or tiredness.
Also, birds are, well, everywhere. “They can fly. They can do something that we can never do, outside of a plane, so there’s that fascination,” Tina Phillips says. She’s an assistant director at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology , in Ithaca, New York. “There’s a lot about birds in terms of their charisma , their behavior, and their accessibility that makes them this perfect group of animals that people can really relate to.”
Birdwatching spiked in popularity during the pandemic, when people were searching for a safe, free, outdoor hobby. A great thing about birding is that anyone can do it. That includes kids. “It’s one of the easiest hobbies to step into,” Phillips says. “All you need is a little bit of natural space. And if you have a pair of binoculars, great, but if you don’t, that’s okay.”
One of the simplest ways to start is by setting up a bird feeder. “That’s going to attract birds to you,” Phillips says. (See “Feathered Friends.”) Not sure what kinds of birds are showing up? You can use an app to identify them by the sounds they make. The Cornell Lab’s free Merlin Bird ID app makes the identification process easier and more fun.
Keep a list of birds you see, and of those you hope to see. And if your family has a backyard, do what you can to make it a nice place for birds. One way to do that is by choosing native plants that attract and protect them. The National Audubon Society can help you with that.
Let your new hobby take flight. It’ll be good for you!
Want to get to know your local bird population? “Set up a bird feeder,” Tina Phillips says. She has one. “On any given morning, I get 10 to 15 different species coming to the feeder.” You can make your own with supplies like pine cones and peanut butter. The Cornell Lab website has instructions. To see birds beyond your backyard, visit places near water. “All birds get thirsty,” author Sharon Stiteler says. “So they are naturally drawn to these spots.”