It has been more than three months since protests started in Hong Kong. Here, TFK explains.
On June 9, hundreds of thousands of people joined a march to oppose a bill. The bill would have made extradition legal in Hong Kong. That means people could be sent from Hong Kong to other places, including mainland China, to be tried in a court of law. Protesters worried that Chinese officials would use extradition to punish people in Hong Kong who speak out against the Chinese government. The protesters wanted the extradition bill withdrawn, and demanded that Hong Kong’s leader, Chief Executive Carrie Lam, resign.
Hong Kong was once a colony of the United Kingdom. In 1997, it was returned to China under a policy called “one country, two systems.” This means Hong Kong is part of China but has its own courts and government. Its citizens have rights that people in mainland China do not. Freedom of speech and freedom of assembly are two of these rights.
One thing Hong Kong doesn’t always have is democratic elections. Many of its leaders, including Lam, are not elected by citizens. They are appointed by a committee that’s loyal to the Chinese government. For years, people in Hong Kong have been demanding changes to the political system.
Protesters are committed to their cause. At a march on June 12, police fired tear gas and rubber bullets. Three days later, Lam put the extradition bill on hold. But she did not withdraw it completely. Protesters were not satisfied. They demanded an investigation into police misconduct and the release of protesters who had been arrested. They also repeated their call for open elections and for Lam’s resignation.
Since then, demonstrations have gotten bigger. They have blocked roads and shut down the airport. Most have been peaceful. Some have turned violent. “It is going to be a long battle . . . to fight for our democracy,” activist Joshua Wong says.
Lam officially withdrew the extradition bill on September 4, but protesters say they will keep demonstrating until all their demands are met.
It’s not clear what the Chinese government will do. Some fear it will use military force to stop the protests. More likely, it is betting that protesters will give up. For now, China is standing firm. In a recent speech, President Xi Jinping said, “On matters of principle, not an inch will be yielded.”
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