On April 10, 1912, the Titanic set sail on its first voyage . The Titanic was a British luxury passenger ship. It was described as “unsinkable.” The ship set off from England. It was supposed to cross the Atlantic Ocean to New York. Many people were on board.
Four days later, the Titanic struck an iceberg. The crash tore several holes in the ship. The Titanic flooded. It sank to the bottom of the sea in less than three hours.
Some people got safely into lifeboats. But there were not enough lifeboats for everyone. Many people drowned.
At the time, the Titanic was the biggest ship ever built. It was almost as long as three football fields. The Titanic took two years and many workers to construct . It had 10 decks, or floors.
The ship’s first-class passengers were some of the wealthiest people in the world. They had fancy meals. They had their own rooms. The Titanic was also one of the first ships with electric lights in all of its rooms.
Many of the passengers in second class and third class were tourists . Others were people who wanted to find a new life in America. They shared much smaller rooms. The Titanic sank more than 100 years ago. But scientists and historians still study the ship. They dive underwater and examine the shipwreck. What stories do you think they are piecing together?
New laws were passed after the sinking of the Titanic. They help keep people safe at sea. Today, passenger ships on long trips between countries must carry enough lifeboats. The Titanic did not have enough for everyone. That’s one reason why so many people died when it went down.