Jeremi Swietochowski was playing with Legos when he heard a thump. A bird had flown into the window and fallen onto the balcony. The fourth grader rushed to check on it. “Just when I was about to open the door, it flew away,” he told TIME for Kids.
Not all birds are so lucky. According to a 2014 study, between 365 million and a billion birds are killed each year in the United States by flying into glass. Bird collisions increase during the fall migration, when many birds fly south for the winter.
“Birds take what they see literally,” says Christine Sheppard, director of the glass-collisions program at the American Bird Conservancy (ABC). “When they see a reflection of habitat—to them, that’s just more habitat that they can fly into.”
DOUBLE TROUBLE Birds are confused by habitat reflected in glass. They think they can fly through it.
ADAM BETUEL—GEORGIA AUDUBON SOCIETY
Sheppard and others, including environmentalists, architects, and lawmakers, are determined to reduce the number of bird collisions. Their mission is to make buildings bird-friendly.
There are three main ways to make a building bird-friendly. One is to use less glass. Another is to wrap a glass building with some kind of screen. The Orange Cube, in Lyon, France, is a good example of this technique. The screen is visible to birds, but it doesn’t block natural light. A third strategy is to use special glass. This was done in New York City, on a huge glass building called the Javits Center. It used to be one of the city’s deadliest buildings for birds.
PROTECTIVE SHIELD The Orange Cube, in France, is bird-friendly. A screen keeps birds safe. But it doesn’t block the light.
GIUSEPPE MACSI—AGF/UNIVERSAL IMAGES GROUP/GETTY IMAGES
Officials agreed to replace some of the glass in 2009. Metal panels were used for some of this. Other glass was replaced with opaque or patterned glass.
Architect Daniel Piselli worked on the project. “There’s a balance between what humans need and what birds need,” Piselli says.
He notes that with glass, “the main thing is to put something on it that birds can see, so they are not fooled by reflections and transparency. And the trick is to do that in such a way that people can still enjoy the views and daylight through the glass.”
Work on the Javits Center project was completed in 2014. “We ended up reducing collisions more than 90%,” Piselli says.
Bird-friendly building design is required in only a few places in the U.S. These include San Francisco, California, and the state of Minnesota. A new building law will go into effect in New York City in December.
U.S. congressman Mike Quigley, of Illinois, is trying to pass a national law. It would require using bird-friendly design on government buildings. “Eventually, I’d like to think that no one would build a building anywhere without doing this,” Quigley says.
FEATHERED FRIENDS These are three of the birds most affected by glass collisions.
LARRY KELLER, LITITZ, PA—GETTY IMAGES; BRIAN E. KUSHNER—GETTY IMAGES; TAY FIDA—GETTY IMAGES
Connie Sanchez, of the National Audubon Society, agrees. “Talk to your lawmakers about this issue,” she says. “Really get them to understand how important it is.”
After the bird hit his window, Jeremi wanted to prevent it from happening again (see “Take Action”). His solution was to get permission to draw a grid on the glass with yellow highlighter. It’s “visible for birds,” his mom says, “but hardly noticeable for people.”
SIMONA PILOLLA—GETTY IMAGES
You can make your home safer for birds. “There’s a whole range of solutions that can be applied on the outside of windows,” Audubon’s Connie Sanchez says. Here are a few.
Screens They reduce reflection.
Masking tape Strips should be spaced two to four inches apart.
Artwork Use tempera paint. Most brands are easy to wash off later.
Feeling inspired? “This is one of the few conservation issues where you can learn about it and do something about it the same day,” ABC’s Christine Sheppard says.