Do you have plants in your home or garden? Plants are all shapes and sizes. They are important for people and animals. They make our lives better in many ways. How do plants help us? Read to find out!
Oxygen is in the air we breathe. All living things need it. Plants make oxygen.
BARBARA RICH—GETTY IMAGES
Many plants are good to eat. Vegetables are plants. Fruits, nuts, beans, and seeds come from plants.
Trees are the largest plants. In the summer, trees are full of leaves. The trees make shadows. On a hot, sunny day, sit under a tree. You will stay cool in its shade.
Birds, insects, and many other animals live in trees and other plants. People use wood from trees to build homes.
OXFORD SCIENTIFIC/GETTY IMAGES
Did you know that some plants eat bugs? Each leaf of the Venus flytrap holds a sweet juice. When a bug tries to sip the juice, the leaf snaps shut. It takes about a week for the plant to finish its insect meal!
What is your favorite flower? Why? Describe it!
Plants can’t run from animals that want to eat them. But they do have ways to stay safe. Read the clues to learn about some plant defenses. Look at the photos. Then write the letter of the plant that matches each clue.
A: ED RESCHKE—GETTY IMAGES; B: GETTY IMAGES; C: ANNA GRIGORJEV—EYEEM/GETTY IMAGES; D: DANITA DELIMONT/GETTY IMAGES
1. This plant grows poisonous fruits. The fruits are small red berries.
2. This plant has many sharp white spines. They stop animals from eating it.
3. If you touch this plant, you can get a rash. Each stem has three green leaves.
4. This plant has a pretty flower. Be careful! The pointy thorns on its stems can prick you.