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PPE Pollution

BEACH LITTER During a May 2020 cleanup event, medical face masks were found on a Hong Kong beach. ANTHONY WALLACE—AFP/GETTY IMAGES

Zoë Trisha Prinsloo sees all sorts of plastic trash during her beach cleanups in Cape Town, South Africa. The teenager has collected plastic bottles, food containers, straws, and more.

Lately, Prinsloo has noticed an increase in a certain kind of plastic waste. It’s from PPE (personal protective equipment). Her group, Save a Fishie!, saw “eight 
different kinds of gloves” during a cleanup in late 2020, she told TIME for Kids. “I find masks more and more regularly, too.”

People everywhere are wearing PPE to protect themselves from COVID-19. But when PPE is not disposed of properly, it pollutes the environment and endangers wildlife. Environmentalists environmentalist PW environmentalist JONATHAN NACKSTRAND/AFP—GETTY IMAGES a person who cares about the environment and takes steps to protect it (noun) Young environmentalists, such as Greta Thunberg, are making a big difference in the world. and others are concerned about this growing problem.

Plastic Problem

Each year, at least 8 million tons of plastic enter the world’s oceans. That’s according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature. Now this waste includes more PPE. Experts estimate that up to 129 billion face masks and 65 billion gloves are used each month.

In September 2020, the Ocean Conservancy conservancy PW conservancy CONSTANTINE JOHNNY—GETTY IMAGES a group or area that protects the environment and Earth's natural resources (noun) The land was donated to a local conservancy. held its annual International Coastal Cleanup. Participants found tens of thousands of PPE items. George Leonard is the group’s chief scientist. “PPE waste is a significant threat to oceans and marine life,” he told CNN.

PPE waste threatens other wildlife too, Sue Schwar says. She manages South Essex Wildlife Hospital, in the United Kingdom. Recently, her team cared for a seagull. “The loops of a face mask were bound around its legs,” she says. The staff untangled the bird. The animal healed and was set free.

ANIMALS AT RISK Seagulls pick up a discarded face mask in Dover, England, in August 2020.


Do Your Part

PPE will continue to be common until the pandemic ends. But there are steps you can take to reduce its environmental impact.

Wear clean reusable masks. If you’re using a disposable one, Schwar suggests snipping the straps before throwing it out. This will prevent wildlife from getting tangled in them. Toss the mask in a garbage can with a secure lid. This is especially important if the trash is outdoors. Masks are easily carried away by wind.

With adult permission, you can join cleanup events like Prinsloo’s. “My main goal is to constantly remove anything and everything I can off our beaches,” she says, “and to try to prevent litter from being taken out to sea.”