Forests are made of trees. Let's look at three types of forests.
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Temperate forests are found all over the world. These forests have four seasons. They are hot or cool at different times of the year. Animals adapt to the changing weather. Many types of trees grow in a temperate forest. Their leaves change color with the seasons. Leaves fall off the trees when the weather gets cool. As the weather warms up, the trees grow new leaves.
Boreal forests are found in northern parts of the world. These forests are cold. Spruce and pine trees grow in boreal forests. They have leaves shaped like needles. The largest boreal forest is in Russia. It is called a taiga. It is home to many animals. Moose, wolves, and caribou live in boreal forests. The animals have adapted to the cold climate by growing thick fur.
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You may have guessed that it rains a lot in a rain forest. You are right! Tropical rain forests are hot and damp. They are home to more types of plants and animals than any other habitat. The biggest rain forest is the Amazon. It is in South America. There, you’ll find monkeys, frogs, toucans, jaguars, and other animals.
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Trees give us oxygen. They help clean the air. Chopping down too many trees hurts the environment.