A landform is a natural part of the Earth’s surface. There are many different kinds. A landform can be tall and rocky. It can be flat and smooth. Read about four landforms below. Which ones have you seen?
Mighty MountainsNISIAN HUGHES—GETTY IMAGES
A mountain is a raised area. Many have a peak, or point, on top.
Rolling HillsJANE TYSKA—DIGITAL FIRST MEDIA/EAST BAY TIMES/GETTY IMAGES
A hill is also raised. It has a rounded top. Hills are usually shorter than mountains.
Grand PlateausDAVID LUNA—GETTY IMAGES
A plateau is another type of raised land. It usually has a steep side. Its top is flat. A plateau covers a large area.
Wide PlainsCAVAN IMAGES/GETTY IMAGES
A plain is flat. It stretches over a large distance. Some plains are covered in grass. Some are covered with forest. Some are deserts.
How Big?ISOFT/GETTY IMAGES
Mount Everest is the tallest mountain in the world. It rises more than five miles high. It is in southern Asia.